Rather than resist the advance of technology, teachers can take the opportunity to go deeper with students, since they do not have to waste time trying to drill facts that are a fingertip away. Rather, explore themes, study deeper sociological issues, teach the art of invention and creativity, discover the philosophy of critical thinking, and encourage innovation.
This is less educational psychology than it is paying attention to the times. One of the most effective methods for absorbing knowledge is to teach the knowledge back to another. Provide students with ample opportunity to give lectures, presentations, and develop lesson plans of their own. Teachers can instruct students to create a lesson plan for a much younger child, even if the concept is difficult. This forces students to simplify the theory, find relatable stories and real life examples, and deconstruct the concepts into bite size pieces.
We know from educational psychology, as well as simple observation, that when students are interested in a subject their ability to learn greatly increases. They have more focus, tenacity, initiative, engagement, and investment in the material. Teachers can give students the freedom to choose their own topics, which enhances a class that may be stuck in a rut or lacking motivation. Brainstorming is thought to be the birthplace of profound ideas. But new studies in educational psychology suggest that that may not be true.
In fact, Jeremy Dean of Psyblog wrote about the subject,. The answer is because of its ability to build consensus by giving participants the feeling of involvement in the process. Psychologists agree that it takes approximately 30 days for a new habit to form. In learning, the same concept applies. Teachers can explain to students the importance of daily study rather than cramming information the night before. The small, incremental, and daily rehearsing of information paves a path in the brain that remains permanently.
Study habits can become regular with guided encouragement to keep going while the brain catches up to the new norm. In the same way that failure stretches a person, feedback is crucial to how students learn. When they can understand their strengths and weaknesses, accept and receive constructive criticism, and be redirected to the areas that need assistance, the overall process of learning is enhanced.
But studies have shown that when you give feedback matters just as much what feedback you give. Imagine taking a pill now and being able to see its effect in 5 years vs in 24 hours. By helping students understand the art of learning, the techniques of learning, as well as the different learning styles, they will be empowered by the process. It can be discouraging when a new topic or theory is evasive or difficult.
Students who understand how to learn will have more patience with themselves and others as they grasp new material. Images by 50 Watts , Andy Mangold , Woodleywonderworks and 85mm. When not working, he can be found reading about two of his favourite subjects: education and psychology. I have used Brainstorming on many occasions, and always with success. Successful usage depends upon the common understanding by everyone involved that certain necessary constraints are involved and that those constraints are not negotiable, although they vary according to the phase of the Brainstorming session.
Essentially, Brinstorming allows every contribution initially to be acceptable, to be celebrated by recording, yet without comment; evaluation is delayed to a later phase. In this way everyone feels involved and significant. From this they grow in ownership of the exercise and in its propositions. Have you tried the alternative? I like to have students brainstorm their own ideas on paper for themselves then share their favorite ideas rather than using the pure form of everything goes.
I use brainstorming with my class, but I ask them to think aalone for a couple of minutes, then combine. Examples with help from the site that was linked for each on how each can be used to learn math:. Visual: Physical objects such as a ball to explain trajectory. Kinesthetic: If possible, it can help to understand how a formula or an equation works by reproducing it yourself.
Logical: For most people including me it helps to understand what the parts in a formula means and how they work together. Why pi? What was the relation of these with the area of a circle? In regards to math, I see interpersonal and intrapersonal as just learning methods to suit extroverts and introverts learning best with others vs alone. However, I think learning without aid from others is best unless you really need the help.
You may want to take a look at this critical review of learning styles. This is a very thorough review and while it is focussed on post education it shows that there is no conclusive evidence for learning styles per se, that there are a multitude of conflicting models and that other areas deserve much more focus. The multiple intelligences theory that you have posted is not about learning styles, but something else entirely. Respectfully, it seems that there is some confusion in the article over these concepts.
As […]. The time you take at the beginning to understand HOW they learn is not wasted. Can you make it easier for her to grasp the French Revolution by cross-referencing A Tale of Two Cities, which she just read for a literature course? Better yet, can you help your entire class analyze March by Geraldine Brooks by asking the History instructor to cover the Civil War in the same week? This will allow them to know what book needs to be ready at what time, and should help transitions be easier on everyone during the day.
An instructor can also present these materials in many formats to accommodate different types of learning styles. For example, if an instructor puts both lecture notes and slides online, both visual and auditory […]. Of course people learn in a variety of ways and there are differences between them, but the learning styles hypothesis is that one should cater instruction to the specific style that is inherent in each learner.
There is virtually no evidence showing that intervention based on this has any significant effect. Look at the research. The Knewton platform might very well end the debate. We can all agree that learning strategies are essential and this platform may lead us to approach we seek for the outcomes every student deserves.
Brainstorming should not be underestimated. It has two good effects in the classroom. First, it helps students see the whole picture of an issue, as everybody conrtibutes with their own idea, but they can always miss an element. The other effect is psychological: as everybody is invited to give their share of ideas and participate, even the introvert or just shy students are more likely to do it.
With Adobe […]. I hope we can learn to redefine our average stress in a very new way as many maintained layers of mental work from many areas of our past, present, future experiences, circumstances along with many weight and values developed which may maintain and attract other maintained mental conflicts. I feel all of us have very different amounts of maintained layers of essential and non-essential mental work which take up real mental energy leaving less mental energy to think and learn new mental work thereby forcing some students to work harder to learn information.
I feel situational stress goes on top of these average layers. Try to visualize an upright rectangle representing a finite amount of mental energy for thinking and learning. Now draw in from the bottom, narrowly spaced, horizontal lines to represent many layers of mental work taking up real mental energy.
This will leave more free space for some students in more stable environments and much less for students in more unstable environments. Relaxation will not work because afterwards, when we approach a new mental work, we turn on our mental faucet and recharge all of those layers. I feel for many students, higher layers of mental work or higher average stress feeds into improper pace and intensity in approaching new mental work. I feel knowing these large environmental variables exist and are at work in our lives will also do a lot to raise the esteem and hope for many students and remove that god awful weight given by the myth they may feel somehow less able than others.
Hi Vivian, thanks for reading.
Moreover, Physical objects can be useful to tansfer the information easily, papers and drawing pictures also are important. If you are a human, do not fill in this field. W hat makes a teacher successful? The following list highlights 20 principles of educational psychology every teacher should know. Students Learn Differently It may seem obnoxiously obvious, but how many classrooms are currently designed with one learning style in mind?
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