Biological Diversity: Frontiers in Measurement and Assessment

Biological Diversity: Frontiers in Measurement and Assessment
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Anne Magurran is a professor at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland and an ecologist interested in the measurement, conservation and evolution of biological diversity.

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Brian McGill is a professor at the University of Arizona. He is interested in understanding and measuring how human-caused global change especially global warming and land cover change affect communities of organisms. He works with large datasets from many different types of organisms and locations. The strength of the volume is Parts III and IV on, respectively, species abundance distributions and aspects of diversity other than abundance.

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The former, in particular, contains a set of closely connected chapters that walk through the various concepts and metrics with clear guidelines on which of the very many metrics are the most useful. Scheiner, Arlington, Virginia. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Compare all 27 new copies.

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Biological Diversity: Frontiers in Measurement and Assessment

Biological Diversity provides an up to date, authoritative review of the methods of measuring and assessing biological diversity, together with their application. However the rapid development of new methods, theinconsistent and sometimes confusing application of old ones, and the lack of consensus in the literature about the best approach, means that there is a real need for a current synthesis. The final section of the book turnsto a selection of contemporary challenges such as measuring microbial diversity, evaluating the impact of disturbance, assessing biodiversity in managed landscapes, measuring diversity in the imperfect fossil record, and using species density estimates in management and conservation.

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Types of data. State of the art Estimating intensity first-order effects Studying effects at a distance second-order effects Associations between two variables Software available IV Alternative measures of diversity General definitions General importance A brief history of trait and functional diversity Overview Indices of trait and functional diversity Partitioning the components of trait diversity Methodological issues Conceptual issues Recommendations Future directions Mooers Approaching the study of phylogenetic diversity.

Null models Simulation analyses Simulation results Phylogenetic diversity in conservation Phylogenetic diversity in community ecology Abundance vs presence-absence data Genetic methods in biodiversity assessment Mitochondrial, chloroplast, and nuclear DNA Genome technologies Biodiversity assessments Non-invasively monitoring for biodiversity DNA barcoding for biodiversity assessment Genome technologies for biodiversity assessment V Applications Curtis The diversity concept Phylogeny Methods for assessing diversity PCR-based methods Pyrosequencing Metagenomics Sampling, scale, and thresholds Mathematical tools for estimating diversity Collectors curves Chao's non-parametric estimators Parametric estimators that assume a distribution Estimating diversity by inferring a distribution from the data Estimation of required sample size In-depth metagenome analyses What is a disturbance?

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Source of the disturbance Timescale Spatial scale Intensity Specificity Summary State of the field: measuring the effects of disturbance on biodiversity Univariate metrics Species abundance distribution based metrics Multivariate analysis Key points Acknowledgements. McGeoch Variation in biodiversity measurement goals Bioindicators and monitoring Measuring biodiversity for management Matrices for measurement Kathleen Lyons Basic metrics Survivorship curves The importance of sampling Relevant studies Occurrence-based diversity estimates Gap analyses Key points.

The problem: what is the density of species? Defining the density of species Species density takes on new importance in an era of environmental concern Data set Data description Data manipulation NP: our surrogate for A Density estimates First density estimate Density estimates for subsets with a uniform plot size Curvature in SPARs Reducing the bias Extrapolation Estimators based on the frequency of scarce species Applying bias reduction Checking our results on the scale of all of Virginia Why species density?

Species density as an environmental indicator Species density as a topic of study VI Conclusions Using species abundance distributions to evaluate change 7. Assessing change using biodiversity indexes 7. Species Abundance Distributions, Brian J.

McGill Connolly and Maria Dornelas Species Occurrence and Occupancy, Kevin J. Gaston and Fangliang He Mooers Curtis Chown and Melodie A. McGeoch Wagner and S.

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Some forms of management may involve making land-use decisions through such mechanisms as environmental markets Pindilli and Casey , which are often incorporated in regulatory frameworks that guide management of species and habitats Salzman and Ruhl A related issue that merits discussion is whether expansion of the current index to include taxa other than vascular plants would improve its suitability for measuring biological diversity. In total, individuals, species, 88 genera and 45 families were recorded from Kilombero grasslands. In another empirical study, Axmacher et al. With adequate training and supervision, non-professional volunteers can be as proficient as professionals in many tasks, as shown by a number of quantitative evaluations of volunteer-collected data [e. But we believe there are serious and unaddressed concerns about the suitability of ecological integrity assessment as described by Faber-Langendoen et al. Finally, even under ideal circumstances, the metric would be at best an ambiguous measure of native plant diversity: a large mean C at a site can be obtained when just one or a few high-value species are observed, and a much smaller mean C can be obtained from the range of conservatism values resulting when numerous species are observed.

Kathleen Lyons Estimating Species Density, Michael L. Conclusions, Brian J. McGill and Anne E. Magurran References Index. Magurran Author: Brian J. Receive an email when this ISBN is available used.